Social Anxiety Disorder Resources and Guide
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Causes of Social Anxiety Disorder

Most modern research indicates that social anxiety disorder may be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. When we experience feelings such as happiness, stress, fear of rejection, depression or anxiety, the brain releases chemicals known as neurotransmitters. It is the release and re-absorption of these neurotransmitters that affects how we feel. People who experience social anxiety related disorders may have an imbalance of the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepenephrine, GABA and dopamine. There are medicines available that are designed to help 're-balance' the release, reuptake and absorption of these key neurotransmitters.

It is important to note that in most cases, one does not just experience a chemical imbalance disorder overnight. A chemical imbalance is not the initial catalyst that leads to social anxiety disorder. Conversely, there are triggers such as excessive worry about how others see you, stress and fearful situations that may lead you to experience an improper release and reuptake of these key neurotransmitters. If left untreated more severe and debilitating effects may develop.

Some research suggests that susceptibility to social phobia may be genetically or behaviorally inherited. In many cases, individuals who have a parent or guardian that suffers from social anxiety may themselves be inclined to social phobias. Social Anxiety Disorder often runs in families and may be accompanied by depression or alcohol dependence.


National Center for Health and Wellness